Loughton is a town and civil parish in the Epping Forest
district of Essex. It is found between 11 and 13 miles (21 km) north
eastern of Charing Cross in London, south of the M25 and west of the
M11 motorway and has borders with Chingford, Waltham Abbey, Theydon
Bois, Chigwell and Buckhurst Hill. Loughton consists of three
conservation areas and there are 56 listed structures in the town,
together with a more 50 in your area listed.
The parish of Loughton covers an area of about 3,724 acres (15 km2), of which over 1,300 acres (5 km2) are part of Epping Forest. At the time of the 2001 census Loughton had a population of 30,340.
The earliest structure in Loughton is Loughton Camp, an Iron Age planet fort in Epping Forest dating from around 500 BC. The first references to the site of modern-day Loughton date from the Anglo-Saxon period when it was known as Lukintune (" the farm of Luhha").
The arrival of the railway stimulated on the town's development. The railway initially came to Loughton in 1856 when the Eastern Counties Railway, (later on the Great Eastern Railway), opened a branch line via Woodford. Loughton artist Octavius Dixie Deacon portrayed numerous scenes of the town including some of its locals throughout the late Victorian period.
As the Great Eastern Railway Company did not provide workers's fares, the town's advancement was of a middle-class character. Much of the real estate in Loughton was installed the Victorian and Edwardian periods, with significant growth in the 1930s. Loughton was a trendy location for artistic and clinical residents in Victorian and Edwardian times, and a number of prominent residents were renowned socialists, nonconformists, and social reformers. Debden in the north-east is a post-war development being among the London County Council's nation estates. Constructed with the express purpose of co-locating industrial, retail and domestic properties to promote supported re-location of London families influenced by war damage within the Capital.
In 2008, electronics firm Amstrad announced their intention to relocate the group's headquarters to Loughton from Brentwood. They moved to a site in Langston Road; in 2012, their property company Amsprop was converting a head office structure next to the Town Council workplaces in Rectory Lane.
In 2002 Loughton included in the ITV1 program Essex Wives, a documentary collection about the lives of a few of the nouveau riche who have lived in the Essex satellite towns of London since the 1980s. The series propelled Jodie Marsh, among its featured characters to fame. Reporters' usage of the term "golden triangle" to describe the towns of Loughton, Buckhurst Hill and Chigwell for their tendency to attract rich footballers, soap-opera actors and TV celebrities as homeowners derives from this. The town has actually been used as a background in other television collection, notably The Only Way is Essex, and 2 stores in the High Rd are connected with members of its actors.
Loughton is served by both Loughton tube station and, more north-east, Debden tube station, both on the Central Line of the London Underground. The existing Loughton station was opened in 1940, and Debden in 1949, but both the line and stations existed before that; the railway line dates back to 22 August 1856, when the branch from Stratford levelled by the Eastern Counties Railway. The railway's 150th anniversary was commemorated by an exhibition and activity day at Loughton station on 19 August 2006.
- Davenant Foundation School
- Debden Park High School
- Roding Valley High School
Significant people connected with Loughton (apart from those noted above) consist of:.
- Dick Turpin (1705-- 1739), notorious highwayman, was familiar with Epping Forest (his butcher's store was in Buckhurst Hill) and carried out lots of reported thefts in the area throughout the 1730s, occasionally escaping and concealing in the woodland in Turpin's Cave.
- Ron Greenwood (1921-- 2006), footballer and manager of West Ham United and England, resided in Brooklyn Avenue throughout his time as West Ham supervisor.
- Len Murray (1922-- 2004), later on Baron Murray of Epping Forest, innovator of the Trades Union Congress 1973-- 1984, lived for over 50 years in The Crescent and played an energetic part in town life. He is memorialized by the Murray Hall, opened 2007.
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